Empousa was a katachthonic daemon and she was under the dominance of Hekate.
Yew or Taxus baccata is one of the trees associated with Hekate, necromancy, magickal wands etc. In this article I will present some info for growing that tree and its magickal properties. My purpose is to give you all the info you will need to have a yew friend in your yard. Just go to your plant store, ask Taxus baccata, buy some biological calcium, 2-3 handfulls of rocks, read this article and plant your yew.
Plato, the student of Socrates has written many interesting books of philosophy. One of the most well known is Timaios. Among a lot of interesting things Plato writes about the soul and the personal daimon, the spirit that we call today guardian angel was called agathodaimon, meaning a good spirit.
A connection with Hekate and her relatives with the stars.
One of the most well-known symbols of Goddess Hekate is the torch. Other goddesses and gods have as symbol the torch. Let's see who they are.
Who was Orpheus, thr founder of religion? When his followers wrote the Hymns? After discussing those subjects you will see tables with epithets of the Goddess Hekate which could be found to other Gods and Goddesses too from Orphica and PGM.
Ide is a mountain in Crete. Ide is also a mountain of Troy, the later Frygia of Asia Minor. From those mountains some very clever creatures were born, Idaioi Daktyloi (Ιδαίοι Δάκτυλοι), means fingers of Ide.
The epic poet Phorokides at 6th centrury b.C. wrote a poem about three Witches from Ide. Their names were:
They worked with a strong metal, called black iron. They made tools from iron. According to the Pario Chroniko, this discovery were made at 1432 b.C.
Sophocles the poet wrote that Daktyli were 10 brothers.
Another tradition from Mylitos adds to the first three another two:
Dactyloi were Witches and blacksmiths in the same time. They worked at the mountains Ide. They knew effective spells and from their knowledge they created the mysteries of Samothrace, in which they travelled to taught their skills to anyone who was appropriate. They had mysteries in Crete. Pythagoras was initiated in those mysteries. Their main deity was Zeus and maybe Rhea, the mother of the Gods. They also taught music to people. Dactyloi were well known also for the discovery of the Ephesian Letters, which were written in the statue of Artemis in Ephesos. Those voces magicaes were the most famous in ancient hellenic world.
Dactyloi are also the founders of Olympic games (well the word game is not appropriate, but the english language is so poor). According to tradition five brothers travelled to Olympia and they bet who could run faster. The winner got a wreath of an olive branch (kotynos).
Idaioi Dactyli were one of the first association of a closed job. They were combining religious mysteries with metal workings. So, they were blacksmiths and priests forming a religious cult and protecting the secrets of their work. According to archaeological evidence in Crete, ruins of old blacksmiths were found in the mountain Ide, as well as pieces of iron weapons and iron balls. All the above were found in caves of the mountain.
Selene is the daughter of Heperion and the sister of Helios (Sun) and Ios(twilight). Her name means the one who is beautifully bright, full of light. From her name, the name of Hellas derives and also the name of Helen.
Selene had many children. The mother of Pandion, the first king of Athens was one of her childen, named Pandeia. The Ores(hours) was her children too, but ώρες means the seasons. Their father was Helios.
The main love of Selene was Endymion, a very important person for us. We will write in a future article for him. From their love, she gave birth to 50 persons. Decrypting this number, we see that the ancients had understood from very old times that the celestial spheres determined time. 50 children of Selene are the 52 weeks of a year. If we see closer to the hellenic language, the word for counting the years of a person who lives is called ηλικία, meaning the circles around the sun that this person has completed.
Selene had male and female power because the moon affects all people. Like Helios, Selene had a chariot too. It was driven by:
You see many sacred animals to Hekate? That's true. Let me go further. According to one myth, Selene wa daughter of Zeus and Leto. Artemis was also their daughter. So, Artemis, Selene and Hekate are one Goddess? After classical period, yes. But why?
The ancient Hellenes knew that celestial spheres and planets were not Gods. So, they considered the barbarians as fools who had made those spheres Gods and Goddesses. So, Helios is Apollo, Zeus, Mithras etc. and Selene is Artemis, Hekate, Phoebe and Leto. Also in hellenistic area Selene was Aphrodite, Athena, Demeter, Persephone, Cybele and Isis. But mainly Artemis and Hekate. In other nations Selene was named Astarte (Phoenicians), Astaroch (Hebrews), Salambro (Syrians), Isis (Egyptians) and Luna (Romans).
Selene was considered the Goddess who gives life to all herbs and trees and humans and animals if she is waxing, so only possitive, growind, expanding stuff should be done. The same thing that it is a rule in Witchcraft today. It seems that the ancients had noticed that the power is more intensive when the moon is growing and it affects the liquids in all living things.
Many herbs have been associated with Selene, as it was a common belief that She could empower their natural earth energy. The same theory exists today in Witchcraft. Selene was the Goddess of Witchcraft.
Selene had more than 70 epithets.
In the Orphic Hymns Selene is called -besides others-:
- faesphoros->ligh bringer
- taurokeros->with bull's horns, representing the quarter of the moon
- dadouchos->holding torches
Those epithets are closely related with Hekate. Hekate, Selene and Artemis are associated with child birth.
Artemis is also called:dadouchos, dafnea (with bays), Hekatevolos, Elafiaia (of the deers), Hekate, Hegemone (ruler), Urania (of heaven), Persiki (from Persia), Potnia, Soteira, Triodia (of the three roads), Phosphorus, Tauriki (of the taurus), Chthonia (of the earth), Propylaia. In Hekate, Keys to the Crossroads we read that in Elefsis there was a smaller temple to Artemis Propylaia and Poseidon. But if we make the connection, Hekate is associated with the Elefsinean Mysteries and in Hesiod we find a connection with Poseidon and Hekate. This temple is in front of the sacred space and Artemis is Propylaia, the one who guards the gate, a property which is associated with Hekate, like in Acropolis of Athens, in which the statue of Hekate made by Alcamenes, was protecting the gate.
We can find together, Hekate and Selene in Apollius Rodios (270 b.C.) and Ovid's Metamorphoses (48 b.C) In the hellenistic period Hekate was Selene in the sky, Persephone in the Underworld (Hades), Artemis in the Earth. Nonnus (5th century a.C.) is writing that Selene is Hekate of many names. In the PGM we can find hymns and many magickal spells, that associate Hekate with Selene, especially hymns to the moon. The Byzantine scholar and poet Ioannes Tzetzes(1100 a.C.) writes that Hekate, Selene and Artemis are the same.
So, Hekate and Selene in the archaic period they were seperate Goddesses but later maybe they identified, they were the same or interchangeable.
Erinnyes or Evmenides are considered to be daughters of Persephone and Plouton or Ether and Gaia or Gaia and Skotos or Night alone. Erinnyes are called when they are on earth and Evmenides when they are on Hades. They were three in number: Alekto, Tisifone and Megaira. They were leaving next to the entrance of Tartaros. They were avenging and revengeful goddesses. They were tough, rigid and adamant. It was their responsibility to bring the dead to Tartaros and punish them by hitting them with lashes or burning them with torches. The lashes were snakes.
They were not staying only in Tartaros but they were traveling to Olympus as well and they were standing next to the throne of Zeus waiting for commands about who evil-doers to punish. After that they were walking all over the earth searching and examining for all the criminals and villain and then they were bothering them hard so that these people could not stand, rest, drink or eat.
When Gods wanted to punish people with wars or diseases they were asking Furies to accomplish this task. Alekto was bringing up the wars, Tisifone the diseases and Megaira death.
They were representing them as wild women having snakes on their heads instead of hair and wearing crowns from snakes. They were wearing long, dark colored dresses. They were holding on the one hand torches and on the on the other hand snakes. In other representations they are on the one hand keys and on the other stick or lashes and sword. Behind them Fovos (=fear), Tromos (=dread) and Mania were following.
Kerveros was son of Tyfon and Echidna and the dog of Hades. Plouton put him in front of the gates of Hades as guardian in order not to leave the dead to come out. He was a very wild beast and he had three heads or according to others fifty or one hundred. For hairs he had snakes and his tail was a tail of dragon with a head at the end. His voice was terrific and analogus to his appearance and that's why Hesiodus describe his voice as “chalcophonous” (=with copper voice).
Hes was lashed down with one thousand chains in a den full of human bones very close to the gates of Hades because he was mauling the people who were trying to escape. When he was untethered nobody could approach Kerveros but when people were entering Hades he was very kind to them.
When Hercules went down to Hades he took Kerveros up to earth. Kerveros was not used to the light of the sun and he lost consciousness. When he fell down saliva flowed out of his mouth onto the earth. From his saliva the herb aconite growed which is poisonous leading to death.
Check the famous image with Hekate and Kerberus, from our pottery, now "copyrighted" by the famous website theoi.com
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