A Witch Alone at the Crossroads

All about Hekate, three-formed Goddess of the crossroads
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Hermekate

, 02:17

The word “Hermekate” can be found in Papyri Graecae Magicae III. 1-59 and the explanation that is provided by some is that “Hermes and Hekate are perhaps a “natural match,” in any case, due to their similar functions and associations, though their mythology does not often overlap” or that “Hermekate is son of Hekate and Hermes”. Yet any other sources other than PGM can not be found. In Betz's book it is written "the name Hermekate is a combination of Hermes and Hekate".

It is known that Hermes invented literature, music, palaestra and geometry. Το honor him people created a square statue of him with no hands and feet. They were putting them on the roads, on crossroads, in front of temples and in the houses. These square statues have the name “Hermas” (Ερμάς). Later they created square statues (hermas) for other Gods and each statue according to the God that was depicted took the name from the synthetics “hermas” + “God's name”. So if on the hermi it was Athena tha statue would called “hermas” + “Athena” = Hermathena. If it was Apollo it would be “hermas” + “Apollo” = Hermapollo. If it was Hekate it would be “hermas” + “Hekate” = Hermekate. So hermekate is called the square plaque that depicts Hekate and it is an explanation about why there are no sources available for that matter.

Hermerakles (Herm of Herakles) - Photo from Wikipedia HermHerakles_2.jpg

Plouton

, 16:42

Pluto is the brother of Zeus. He rules the underworld, hades. Hekate has the power to walk in his realm. They both share the same symbol: keys and they are related to dogs. Hekate and Persephone share some common properties, that's why they were unified in ancient times. Let's see the characteristics of Pluto, the king of the underworld.

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Medea

, 21:39

Hekate is the Goddess of Witchraft. Herbology of pharmakeia is the ancient art of using herbs. A master of this art was Medea. From ancient times, it is said that Hekate herself had taught this art to her witch, Medea.

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Hermes

, 00:55

Hermes, is a God who works well with Hekate. Looking back at the ancient hellenic magick, Hermes and Hecate make a good couple. Let's see who he is...

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Soul's journey

, 18:58

In the following text, we are going to travel through Hades and we will learn how the soul travels after hes/her passing to the otherworld.

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Artemis

, 18:54

Artemis is a Goddess associated with Hekate due to their common properties. In the hellenistic period Hekate and Artemis were seen as the same Goddess. Let's learn more about Artemis, Hekate's cousin!

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Asteria

, 01:52

Asteria is Hekate's mother. Let's see her mythology!

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Perses

, 01:57

Perses is Hekate's father. Let's see his mythology!

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Winds

, 16:44

The winds, or anemoi in hellenic, had meteorological interest as well as magickal interest. Meteorology was a very important science and highly developed with astronomy and astrology and meteorology had even medical extensions, but in this article we will see them as Gods who rule the directions of the air.

The tower of Kyrrestes

In Athens at the roman market, there is until today, the first meteorological station of the world, the tower of Andronikos Kyrrestes. It was built at 48 b.C. close to the north side of Acropolis. It is an octagonal tower, with each side to be in line of the 8 parts of the horizon. The roof of the tower is pyramidical. The tower has no pillars, it has two doors, one to the north and one to the west. It is constructed by pentelic marble. The height of the building is 12.8 meters, the length is 3.2 meters. In the top of the tower, there was a pointer to the winds and to the eight sides, images of the eight winds are sculptured.

Names of the winds - Direction

Boreas - North
Kaikias - Northeast
Apeliotis -East
Euros - Southeast
Notos - South
Lips - Southwest
Zephyros - West
Skiron - Northwest

Characteristics

Boreas: is ready to blow the wind through a shell
Kaikias: wet wind, connected with snow, storm, hail. He is old and he empties a sack with chert stones.
Apeliotis: he comes with little rain, he is a young man who holds fruits, ears, bees nest (symbolising fertility)
Euros: an old man, who causes short respiratory problems
Notos: hot and wet wind young man who empties his hydria
Lips or Livas: a young man who holds a jewel
Zephyros: he is warm and happy in the spring, he is young and he also spreads flowers
Skiron: dark skim old man, who spreads ashes and charcoals. He is very cold in the winter and hot in the summer. Bad for health and for the crops.

Witchcraft

Working with Hekate it is common to work with the four winds instead of the four archangels. The four winds are invoked inside the circle or when you create sacred space without the classical techniques of Wicca. When you call the winds inside the circle, a preparation should be done. After the ritual, thang the winds one by one and ask them kindly to leave. The four winds are:

Boreas - North (bo-re-as, e as ego)
Boreas is associated with the winter.
Apeliotis -East (a-pe-li-ot-is. pe e as tea, li as Liam, ot as otic, is as ischium)
Apeliotis is associated with autumn.
Notos -South (Not-os)
Notos is associated wth summer.
Zephyros - West (ze-phy-ros, ze as zebra, phy as phylactery, ros as Ros)
Zephyros is associated with spring.

In the center of the circle, at the altar, Astraios should be invoked before the winds. Astraios is a Titan, he is the father of the stars and the winds. It is a good idea to have some small offering pottery bowls in the four directions of the circle, for the winds. Each bolw should contain items that represent the associated season of the year or their symbols.
North: seashell
East: fruits or honey
South: water or mead or fruit juice
West: fresh flowers, musical instrument, nuts

Ancient images

1.Boreas 2.Apeliotis 3.Notos 4.Zephyros boreas.gif apeliotis.gif notos.gif zephuros.gif

Hesiod Theogonia

, 12:56

Hesiod

Hesiod is the second after Homer well known Hellene poet. Many historians have agreed that he was born close to 850 b.C.

His father cafe from Kyme of Aeolis and he was a sailor. But his job didn't provided a lot of money to live, so he want to Beotia and he lived in Askra, close to Ellicon. He changed profession, raising sheeps. He had two sons. Hesiod was a shepperd until one day the Muses found him in Ellicon and talked to him giving also a wand of bay and the ability to make great poems. After that incident he participated in poetic games in Chalkida of Euvoia and he won a tripod with two handles.

In his work Theogonia, Hesiod describes the most sacred written subject, the born of all Gods and the creation of the world. His poem consists of 1022 verses. It is full of mythological information, but notice that all those are not just one tradition, but he collected older books and oral traditions and he composed them or published older books as one book with all the information about Gods. So, he may have written Theogonia in 850 b.C. but the knowledge came from earlier years.

If we read his works, we can notice that Hesiod writes a big section about Hekate. Thus means that Hekate was famous before 850 b.C. in Hellas. Moreover, Hesiod's brother and Hekate's father had the same name, Perses. Maybe his father had close relations with Hekate and Hesiod too.

The part of Hekate

Asteria of happy name, whom Perses once led to his great house to be called his dear wife. And she conceived and bare Hekate whom Zeus the son of Kronos honoured above all. He gave her splendid gifts, to have a share of the earth and the unfruitful sea. She received honour also in starry heaven, and is honoured exceedingly by the deathless gods. For to this day, whenever any one of men on earth offers rich sacrifices and prays for favour according to custom, he calls upon Hekate. Great honour comes full easily to him whose prayers the goddess receives favourably, and she bestows wealth upon him; for the power surely is with her. For as many as were born of Gaia and Ouranos amongst all these she has her due portion. The son of Kronos did her no wrong nor took anything away of all that was her portion among the former Titan gods: but she holds, as the division was at the first from the beginning, privilege both in earth, and in heaven, and in sea. Also, because she is an only child, the goddess receives not less honour, but much more still, for Zeus honours her.

Whom she will she greatly aids and advances: she sits by worshipful kings in judgement, and in the assembly whom she will is distinguished among the people. And when men arm themselves for the battle that destroys men, then the goddess is at hand to give victory and grant glory readily to whom she will. Good is she also when men contend at the games, for there too the goddess is with them and profits them: and he who by might and strength gets the victory wins the rich prize easily with joy, and brings glory to his parents.And she is good to stand by horsemen, whom she will: and to those whose business is in the grey discomfortable sea, and who pray to Hekate and the loud-crashing Earth-Shaker, easily the glorious goddess gives great catch, and easily she takes it away as soon as seen, if so she will. She is good in the byre with Hermes to increase the stock. The droves of kine and wide herds of goats and flocks of fleecy sheep, if she will, she increases from a few, or makes many to be less. So, then. albeit her mother's only child, she is honoured amongst all the deathless gods. And the son of Kronos made her a nurse of the young who after that day saw with their eyes the light of all-seeing Eos. So from the beginning she is a nurse of the young, and these are her honours.

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