Selene_goddess.pngSelene is the daughter of Heperion and the sister of Helios (Sun) and Ios(twilight). Her name means the one who is beautifully bright, full of light. From her name, the name of Hellas derives and also the name of Helen.

Selene had many children. The mother of Pandion, the first king of Athens was one of her childen, named Pandeia. The Ores(hours) was her children too, but ώρες means the seasons. Their father was Helios.

The main love of Selene was Endymion, a very important person for us. We will write in a future article for him. From their love, she gave birth to 50 persons. Decrypting this number, we see that the ancients had understood from very old times that the celestial spheres determined time. 50 children of Selene are the 52 weeks of a year. If we see closer to the hellenic language, the word for counting the years of a person who lives is called ηλικία, meaning the circles around the sun that this person has completed.

Religious Habbits

Selene had male and female power because the moon affects all people. Like Helios, Selene had a chariot too. It was driven by:

  • mules
  • horses
  • goats
  • deers
  • bull
  • rooster

You see many sacred animals to Hekate? That's true. Let me go further. According to one myth, Selene wa daughter of Zeus and Leto. Artemis was also their daughter. So, Artemis, Selene and Hekate are one Goddess? After classical period, yes. But why?

The ancient Hellenes knew that celestial spheres and planets were not Gods. So, they considered the barbarians as fools who had made those spheres Gods and Goddesses. So, Helios is Apollo, Zeus, Mithras etc. and Selene is Artemis, Hekate, Phoebe and Leto. Also in hellenistic area Selene was Aphrodite, Athena, Demeter, Persephone, Cybele and Isis. But mainly Artemis and Hekate. In other nations Selene was named Astarte (Phoenicians), Astaroch (Hebrews), Salambro (Syrians), Isis (Egyptians) and Luna (Romans).

Selene was considered the Goddess who gives life to all herbs and trees and humans and animals if she is waxing, so only possitive, growind, expanding stuff should be done. The same thing that it is a rule in Witchcraft today. It seems that the ancients had noticed that the power is more intensive when the moon is growing and it affects the liquids in all living things.

Many herbs have been associated with Selene, as it was a common belief that She could empower their natural earth energy. The same theory exists today in Witchcraft. Selene was the Goddess of Witchcraft.

Common Epithets

Selene had more than 70 epithets.

In the Orphic Hymns Selene is called -besides others-:

  • faesphoros->ligh bringer
  • taurokeros->with bull's horns, representing the quarter of the moon
  • dadouchos->holding torches

Those epithets are closely related with Hekate. Hekate, Selene and Artemis are associated with child birth.

Artemis is also called:dadouchos, dafnea (with bays), Hekatevolos, Elafiaia (of the deers), Hekate, Hegemone (ruler), Urania (of heaven), Persiki (from Persia), Potnia, Soteira, Triodia (of the three roads), Phosphorus, Tauriki (of the taurus), Chthonia (of the earth), Propylaia. In Hekate, Keys to the Crossroads we read that in Elefsis there was a smaller temple to Artemis Propylaia and Poseidon. But if we make the connection, Hekate is associated with the Elefsinean Mysteries and in Hesiod we find a connection with Poseidon and Hekate. This temple is in front of the sacred space and Artemis is Propylaia, the one who guards the gate, a property which is associated with Hekate, like in Acropolis of Athens, in which the statue of Hekate made by Alcamenes, was protecting the gate.

We can find together, Hekate and Selene in Apollius Rodios (270 b.C.) and Ovid's Metamorphoses (48 b.C) In the hellenistic period Hekate was Selene in the sky, Persephone in the Underworld (Hades), Artemis in the Earth. Nonnus (5th century a.C.) is writing that Selene is Hekate of many names. In the PGM we can find hymns and many magickal spells, that associate Hekate with Selene, especially hymns to the moon. The Byzantine scholar and poet Ioannes Tzetzes(1100 a.C.) writes that Hekate, Selene and Artemis are the same.

So, Hekate and Selene in the archaic period they were seperate Goddesses but later maybe they identified, they were the same or interchangeable.