Introduction

Lately, it came to my attention that people, especially through the social media, become more and more frustrated. I have seen and took part in many conversations (about the goddess Hekate included) and I have seen that when people are having a conversation using logic and arguments, many times it ends up in a kind of fight.

One of the reasons why these conversations don’t go so well is because people tend to become angry when they disagree, especially when their logic is challenged too much. Many times all the above may end up fine but other times there is a fire coming up. However, anger should give its place to the logic thinking so all people can benefit from each other.

The Anger

The goal for someone is to change the violent and fiery tendency of his towards anger and have it become gentle and submissive to logic. This mildness does not bring inactivity or feebleness to the man as some believe, but it brings patience so that he can have his logic rule the situation and take the place of the hasty actions that may lead to an unpleasant result – and in our previous paradigm in an insult or a fiery debate.

We must never allow the anger to take the full control. The anger will start to shout inside our head but we must not listen. Anger will do its best to destroy anything that will stand in its way; from enemies to friends and family to lifeless objects. It will literally destroy anything that will face. It can do terrible things but it can also do ridiculous and funny things. This kind of people has unstable characters because their calmness is distracted very easily leading to unstable and unpredictable situations inside of them and outside of them.

It is in the nature of the angry people to say bad things and impure words in their effort to make impure the others around them and harm them with their bad sayings. They try to cause harm but the truth is that they expose themselves and they reveal what they were keeping inside them and under pressure they make it come out. And what comes out, is the worst part of themselves which has been left free to rule the man.

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Logic Thinking and the Cultivation of Virtues

The Neoplatonic philosopher Iamblichos (Ιάμβλιχος) in his book Commentary to the Chrysa Epe of Pythagoras (Υπόμνημα εις τα Πυθαγόρου Χρυσά Έπη) commenting the excerpts he writes that a man before making any action he should consider:

  • first the reason why he has to achieve something,
  • secondly through which action he is going to achieve it
  • and thirdly what is going to be the result of that action.

He must never be careless and he must never act without logic. Before every action, he must advise his logic first. If his logic finds it good then he can proceed but if not he will have to stop the action, otherwise by acting hasty and without logic, he will lead himself to unpleasant results.

Every single action must follow logic thinking and clear judgment so that before the action the man should consider if:

  • that act will cause anything bad and
  • after the act, he should observe the result to see if he achieved what he was planning from the beginning, before the act.

So every time the man has to pass his actions from the process of logic thinking he comes in touch with that part of the soul, as Plotinos (Πλωτίνος) writes that thinking is the action of the soul. In that way the actions after they are judged by the divine part of the man, the soul, he will know if these actions are in accordance with the virtues that are also divine as Plato (Πλάτων) writes. Because it is the main characteristic of the virtuous man to feel happy or sad with the good or bad actions.

And no one wants to feel bad, so necessarily he will push himself to good actions because the only way that the virtues can manifest is through actions. The only way to cultivate the virtues is to go into them and stay for a long period so that the man can train himself step by step. As logic is not part of the body but it is part of the function of the soul, for that reason, it can be trained by excellent words and sayings exposed to pure logic. The more it is trained, the more it will grow.

When the logic judgment rules the violent anger, it trains that bad attitude so that in future similar situations it will not be the anger that comes first, but the logic judgment. That will gradually lead the body to be less affected by the passions. It is like the fire; if you feed the fire it will grow and it will destroy everything, but if someone learns how to control the fire once it starts, it will eliminate it and it will make it disappear.

Logic must remain in the soul governing and guarding its judgments until it will lead to the gain of the virtues. That kind of training must be gentle and not violent to the man. It must not be forced by any means the virtues to manifest. Plutarch (Πλούταρχος) writes that when an animal jumps from the one place to the other we don’t cut its leg, but we teach it how to run and walk quietly. This is what the angry man should do; to transform that aggressive characteristic and apply that power to the gentle cultivation of the virtues through logic thinking.